Arctic News Roundup: 13-19 April

Sea ice off eastern Greenland [Photo via NASA/GSFC/Jeff Schmaltz/MODIS Land Rapid Response Team]
by Mingming Shi

1) Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, former President of Iceland, celebrated her 90th birthday this week, as reported in the Iceland Monitor. Vigdís was first elected to the position in 1980 as a single mother, and she served as Iceland’s President until 1996. One of the most internationally significant events during her tenure was the 1986 Reykjavík Summit, also known as the meeting between the East and West camps during the Cold War, when US President Ronald Reagan met his counterpart Mikhail Gorbachev, President of the then-Soviet Union, at Höfði House.

2) This week, an article on the severity of climate change and ice loss in Greenland was published in the British news service The Guardian. Scientists who research climate change and monitor ice sheets in Greenland pointed out that the ice melting process on the island is proceeding at an accelerated rate, in contrast with past decades.

3) A number of relics, dating back more than a millennium, were found around a mountain pass in the Innlandet region of Norway by a team of archaeologists. The discoveries, including clothing, weapons, snowshoes and animal remains, as reported in the New York Times, will contribute to further understanding of the region’s Viking Age, which lasted from between the eighth and eleventh centuries.