20 Questions about Greenland – Answers

[Photo by Marc Lanteigne]
by Mingming Shi 

1) What is the population of Greenland?

a) Around 15,000
Around 56,000
c) Around 350,000
d) Around 5.7 million

a) Greenland is a small state, with a population of 56,000. 

2) What is the capital of Greenland?

a) Nuuk
b) Narsaq
c) Ilulissat
d) Reykjavík

a) Narsaq and Ilulissat are towns in Greenland. Reykjavík is the capital of Iceland.

3) What is the name of the University of Greenland in the Greenlandic language?

a) Kayak
b) Uummannaq
c) Inatsisartut
d) Ilisimatusarfik

d) Uummannaq is a town in Western Greenland. Inatsisartut is the Greenland parliament in the Greenlandic language. A kayak is a small, one-person watercraft, and the name comes from the Greenlandic word qajaq

4) Which of the following animals is NOT found in Greenland?

a) Polar bear
b) Penguin
c) Harp seal
d) Reindeer

b) Penguins inhabit the Antarctic region and the Southern Ocean only.

5) What do the white and red colours represent on the national flag of Greenland?

a) Ice and the sun
b) A cloud and the sun
c) Polar bears and fire
d) Ice and fire

a) The Greenlandic flag, adopted in 1985, is meant to portray the sun on a field of ice. 

6) Which of the following means of transportation is currently not possible in Greenland?

a) By boat or ship
b) By air
c) By train
d) By dogsled

c) The are no trains operating in Greenland. 

7) What does Kaffemik mean in Greenland?

a) Coffee is in the blood of Greenlanders
b) Coffee sells well in Greenland
c) Social occasions where Greenlanders gather with family and friends
d) The start of the summer solstice

c) The word refers to social occasions and gatherings. 

8) What citizenship do Greenlandic people hold?

a) The Kingdom of Denmark
b) The Republic of Greenland
c) The Republic of Iceland
d) Dual citizenship of Denmark and Greenland

a) Greenland was integrated into the Kingdom of Denmark in 1953, and has not achieved full independence yet. 

9) How many Greenlandic representative seats are there in the Danish parliament?

a) Zero
b) One
c) Two
d) Three

c) Within the Danish Parliament (Folketing), there are 179 seats in total, with two representing Greenland. 

10) Where is the famous Kvanefjeld mining site located?

a) North-East Greenland
b) North-West Greenland
c) South-West Greenland
d) In the middle of the country 

c) Kvanefjeld, (also known as Kuannersuit) is located in the southwestern part of the country. 

11) How do you say “Thank you” in Greenlandic?

a) Takk fyrir
b) Tēnā koe
c) Qujanaq
d) ᓇᑯᕐᒦᒃ

c) ‘Takk fyrir’ is Icelandic. ‘Tēnā koe’ is in the Māori language of New Zealand. ᓇᑯᕐᒦᒃ (nakurmiik) is in the Inuktitut language, mainly used in Canada and Alaska.

12) What percentage of Greenlandic population are living in igloos?

a) 0%
b) 2%
c) 6%
d) 10%

a) It’s zero! 

13) What is the biggest sector of the Greenlandic economy?

a) Mining
b) Fisheries
c) Timber
d) Fresh water

b) The fisheries sector is the largest in the Greenlandic economy. Mining does not generate income on a large scale and neither does timber. Possible exports of fresh water are still at the discussion stage.

14) Which of the following beer is a Greenlandic brand?

a) Carlsberg
b) Viking
c) Brennivín
d) Godthaab Bryghus

d) Carlsberg is a Danish brand of beer. Viking is an Icelandic beer brand, and Brennivín is an Icelandic variety of schnapps. 

15) Which of the following gem is being exploited in Greenland?

a) Rubies
b) Diamonds
c) Amethysts
d) Emeralds

a) A ruby mine is currently operating at Aappaluttoq in Greenland. 

16) Which indigenous groups form part of the Greenlandic population?

a) Nenets
b) Eskimo
c) Inuit
d) Sámi

c) ‘Inuit’ is the plural form of ‘Inuk’ meaning ‘the people’ in Greenlandic. ‘Eskimo’ directly translated means ‘raw meat eaters’, and it was used as a name for Inuit in the past but is now often considered archaic. The majority of Nenets people are living in Russia, and Sámi live in the northern regions of Russia, Finland, Norway and Sweden.

17) Who was the first female Prime Minister of Greenland?

a) Sara Olsvig
Aleqa Hammond
c) Aki-Matilda Hoegh-Dam
d) Ida Heinrich

b) Sara Olsvig was the former head of the local political party Inuit Ataqatigiit, and announced in 2018 that she was leaving politics at an unspecified point in the future. Aki-Matilda Hoegh-Dam is a Greenlandic politician and currently one of Greenland’s representatives in the Danish parliament. Ida Heinrich was a Greenlandic opera singer who passed away in early 2019.

18) Which of the following city has not been designated a sister city with Nuuk?

a) Tromsø
b) Reykjavík
c) Guangzhou
d) Changchun

c) Guangzhou, in southern China, is not a sister city of Nuuk, but another Chinese city, Changchun, was twinned with Nuuk in 2006. 

19) Which of the following biological products are banned from being transported out of Greenland without special permits?

a) Woodworking at art galleries
Seal skins with the mark of ‘Great Greenland’
c) Fur from polar bears
d) Dried shrimp sold at supermarkets

c) Polar bear fur cannot be exported out of Greenland without specific authorisation.  

20) Which of the following descriptions is incorrect about the Self-Rule agreement which came into force in 2009?

a) Greenland is entitled to pursue independence
b) Greenland is responsible for its own defence policy
c) Greenland receives an annual fiscal subsidy from Denmark
d) Denmark has the right to oversee the foreign policy of Greenland

b) According to the agreement, Denmark continues to oversee both foreign policy and defence for Greenland.